Periodontal Disease


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Periodontal disease attacks bones and gums that support teeth. Unfortunately, Periodontal disease is very common and lot of patients suffer from that unknowingly.

Stages of periodontal disease

Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease. It occurs when gums are inflamed by plaque and bacteria by-products. The second stage is periodontitis that is characterized by gum recession when plaque and tartar build up increases. Gradually deep pockets form between teeth and gums. Due to irritation and inflammation, gums tend to bleed easily. During this stage of periodontitis, patients may experience bone loss. The third and dangerous stage is the advanced periodontitis. The periodontal ligaments, gums and bones are destroyed causing teeth to lose support. If no action is taken at this stage, a patient may lose numerous teeth. Note that, smoking increases the risk of developing periodontal disease.

Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease

  • Bleeding gums
  • Loose teeth due to weak periodontal fibres and bone loss
  • Increased spacing between teeth
  • Gun recession
  • Puffy, bleeding and red gums
  • Gums and teeth discomfort or tenderness

What does periodontal disease treatment entail?

Periodontal disease treatment depends on the severity and type of disease. If the disease is diagnosed at gingivitis stage, professional cleaning may be sufficient to alleviate the disease. The dentist will recommend proper daily oral hygiene practices that you must adhere to. If the disease has progressed to the advanced stage, special periodontal cleaning procedures known as scaling and root planning may be recommended. The deep cleaning procedure is usually done while the section is numb. This procedure eliminates plaque, tartar, and toxins which may be even below the gum line and root areas. Note that, if gum pockets do not heal after deep cleaning, a periodontal surgery may be necessary.